is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial Intelligence or AI, as coined by John McCarthy in 1956 is a technology that can make machines do tasks that are characteristics of human intelligence. While this can involve many basic tasks like planning, mapping and interpretation of a command, Artificial Intelligence can be used to perform much more complex tasks than that. The basic structure of AI is based on complex programming that enables a machine to perform a task in any given situation. In general we may call AI as the technology that makes machines fall into the ‘smart’ category. Depending on the tasks performed, AI can be split into two categories:
is Machine Learning?
Using AI solves a lot of problems for
humans and indeed makes their lives easier. However, deploying it in every
place is not feasible and often waste of its intelligence. To rectify this
situation, machine learning was introduced to the users. It works on the
principle of using a neural network that is trained in accordance to the
situation in which it is intended to be used. The training of a neural network
involves subjecting it to enormous amounts of data to help the network learn.
For example, if a neural network is designed to identify a picture depending on
whether it contains a cat or not. For this, it will be subjected to numerous
pictures. Combining the human response with the data given as input, the system
will eventually learn how to identify a picture that contains a cat. This is a
very basic example of machine learning; however, it can be used to accomplish
much more complex tasks based on the training given to it.